Composting and Buying your Own Energy
Composting is a natural process of recycling organic material such as leaves and vegetable scraps into a rich soil amendment. Compost is decomposed organic matter; adding compost to the soil each planting season promotes soil microbes that aid plant growth. Research shows that compost enhances the ability of tomatoes and other vegetables to stand up to common diseases and improve their flavor and nutrition. Compost also helps the soil retain moisture. Through composting you enhance your garden’s ability to grow healthy plants while reducing your volume of trash.
Reasons to Compost:
- Reduce landfill waste
- Enhances soil quality
- Cultivates healthy plants
- Reduce greenhouse emissions
- Creates better air quality
- Saves Money
- Improves moisture retention
- Deters garden pests
- Less erosion
- Provides balanced, slow-released nutrients
- Conserves Water
- It is simple and fun
Do Compost – Nitrogen (Green):
- Fruit waste
- Vegetable waste
- Grass clippings
- Coffee grounds
- Tea leaves/bags
Do Compost – Carbon (Brown):
- Coffee filters
- Wood shavings
- Pine needles
- Chopped woody prunings
- Egg shells
- Dry leaves
Do Not Compost:
- Meat, fish, or bones
- Dairy products
- Grease, oil, or fat
- Glossy paper
- Sawdust from plywood or treated wood
- Invasive plants
- Dog or cat waste
- Diseased plants/leaves
Begin to Compost:
- Start with a container
- Doesn’t have to be fancy
- Must be easy enough to turn and move around
- Must have good ventilation and be able to retain heat
- Place the container in direct sunlight
- Placing the container in sunlight will allow for better heat retention which will speed of the composting process
- Mixing material
- Mix equal parts of “green” materials and “brown” materials to the bin
- Keep the compost pile moist. This will speed up the compost process.
- Make sure to constantly mix, rotate, or move around the compost pile.
- This process will add oxygen to the pile.
- If the pile seems too dry, then add some “green” materials. If the pile seems too wet and it starting to get slimy or smelly, try to add some “brown” materials.
- Always wear gloves when handling the compost pile.
- A compost pile is finished when it looks like dirt. This will take some time so be patient. When it is done, just add it to your garden soil, established beds, or lawn.
All details of City of Geneva’s Chapter 273: Sanitary Code
§ 273-7: Organic waste. Please find PDF here or the link below:
“Buying your Energy” – https://www.dec.ny.gov/energy/40899.html
Solar Energy – file:///Users/owner/Downloads/solar-guidebook.pdf
Residential Solar Power – PV (Photovoltaic) installations of 25 kW or less – Lasts 20-30 years
Steps to get a PV system:
- Design & Inspection – A distributor of solar panels is required to design where the best place for a solar panel should be to ensure safety and performance
- Array siting, irradiance and temperature, system sizing and equipment selection, grounding, labeling, zoning considerations, and wind and snow loads
- Submitting a permit application – residents must send in a permit application that gives a site plan, electrical wiring diagram, structure analysis, and a specification sheet that shows modules, inverter, and racking system to their local government
- Field Inspection – Not necessary on all residential installations
Residential Wind Power – Equipment size of 2 MW maximum
Steps to get a small wind turbine:
- Find a Participating Eligible Installer (Who is in charge of submitting residential applications)
- What the Participating Eligible Installer will do:
- Inspect the location for sizing and placement, provide a quote, help with paperwork, help with getting local approval for installation, and finally, installing the unit
Geothermal Energy/Owning a Well on Homeland – https://www.dec.ny.gov/energy/43303.html
Residential Geothermal Energy – Different systems for residents who own a well, or wish to own a well on their homeland. Three main types: closed loop (piping a chemical compound underground for heating), open loop (water is pumped from earth for heat), and standing column (groundwater being pumped through a central pipe)
Steps to get geothermal energy:
- Must use DEC’s Division of Mineral Resources
- Regulates drilling, construction, operation and plugging of geothermal wells that are deeper than 500 feet below.
- Must use DEC’s Division of Water – Water Well Program
- Regulates registration, certification of geothermal contractors for geothermal wells that are less than 500 feet
Residential Biomass Space Heating – The use of a pellet stove to heat a home making temperature more consistent, less maintenance, and less pollution
Steps to get biomass space heating:
- Finding a certified wood stove for your home – https://www.epa.gov/compliance/list-epa-certified-wood-stoves
- Finding a contractor to decide the best place for the stove in the home depending on different factors, but most importantly where electric wiring can be.
- Installation of wood stove, and installation of carbon monoxide and smoke detectors.